Yamuna is one of the major rivers of India having the total length of about 1370 km. The source of Yamuna is Yamunotri in the Uttaranchal Himalaya, which is north of Haridwar in the Himalayan Mountains. Yamuna River flows through the states of Delhi, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh and finally merges with river Ganges in Allahabad. A number of prominent cities such as Delhi, Mathura and Agra lie on the bank of river Yamuna.
In the capital New Delhi and its surrounding areas, Yamuna is one of the most polluted rivers in the world in spite of the numerous efforts made to keep is clean. The main reason behind this is the high density of the population living in the city and the dumping of untreated water and waste into the river. To add to it the attitude of government is lax towards it and the projects meant for the cleansing of the river are not implemented properly. The water in this river remains stagnant for nine months in a year that further aggravates the situation.
As per the figures, Delhi alone contributes around 3,296 MLD (million liters per day) of sewage in the river. Over the next five years the government has planned to rebuild and repair the sewerage system and the drains that empty into the river. But to what extent these plans will be implemented is a big question mark.
The Ministry of Environment and Forests have taken certain steps to clean the river and stop its further pollution. The National River Conservation Directorate is implementing the action plan, Yamuna Action Plan, since 1993 in 12 towns of Haryana, 8 towns of Uttar Pradesh, and Delhi. The Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) is participating in the Yamuna Action Plan in 15 of the above 21 towns.